The prisoner release is part of a peace deal signed last month by the Taliban and U.S.
The violence comes even as Afghan President Ghani last week announced his team would negotiate peace with the Taliban.
Afghanistan's political turmoil has impeded each tentative step toward negotiations with the Taliban.
A lone ISIS gunman rampaged through a Sikh house of worship in the heart of Kabul, on Wednesday, killing 25.
The top U.S. commander in Afghanistan warned of the growing coronavirus threat in the war-ravaged country.
Pompeo said the Trump administration would slash $1 billion in assistance to Afghanistan and reduce all cooperation.
Since the signing of the deal, the peace process has stalled amid political turmoil in Afghanistan.
The coronavirus pandemic has paused U.S. plans to withdraw.
Troops who are already in the country may have their deployments extended so missions can continue.
Resolute Support declined to disclose how many personnel are in quarantine.